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Object Record

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Artist Unknown
Nationality or Tribal Affiliation Hmong
Title The Three Stories of Hmong Embroidery
Type of Object Needlework
Date 1970s
Medium Cotton/Thread
Dimensions H-187.2 W-229.9 cm
Collection Missoula Art Museum Collection
How acquired Gift of Jean and Lon Homeier
Object ID 2010.05
Statement about this object This cloth relates three traditional stories in embroidered words and images. The first, shown across the top of the panel, is "The Woman and the Tiger." A tiger killed a family and dressed up as one of the men. The wife's sister, named Yer, fought back again and again. Her brothers set a trap, killed the tiger, and rescued Yer.

The second story, which starts at the center right and continues from the left through the middle of the cloth, is called "The Flood How Hmong Names Began." A sister and brother escape from a flood, marry (against the sister's judgment), and have a stone-like baby. They scatter the baby's parts, which take root and become the major Hmong families of Vang, Thao, Li, and Moua.

The third story is actually "Six Hmong Folk Tales" and runs along the bottom of the panel. The images include the king and his seven daughters, plants that harvest themselves, corn and rice choking out other plants, and Naoanjua and Sheena playing the qeej ("kheng") and cooking.

The neutral colors and large scale of this flower cloth indicate it was made in a Thai refugee camp with the intent to sell (it was purchased from Hmong in Missoula). Missionaries provided blue, gray, and tan fabrics were not part of the traditional Hmong color palette. Women began sewing larger cloths in the camps, since their agrarian lifestyle was displaced and they were no longer confined to sew after farm chores were complete. Relatives who had relocated oversees also sparked new interest from Western buyers, and embroiderers in the camps would export their cloths to generate additional income.
Classification Textiles
Narrative
Text
Subjects Legends
Text
Hmong
Family
Animals
Animals in human situations
Rescues
Floods
Creation
Farming
Agriculture
Qeeg (musical instrument)